Surendranagar District of Gujarat is situated between 22°00′ to 23°05′ North altitude and 69°45′ to 72°15′ East longitudes. Ahmedabad and Rajkot, two main industrial and commercial centers of Gujarat and Saurashtra, are at equal distance from Surendranagar. It has common boundaries with five other district of Gujarat States. The District is surrounded by Kutch’s Desert & Patan District in North, Ahmedabad and Bhavnagar District in South & Rajkot District in West respectively.
The people of this district are mainly dependent on rain water for cultivation as the irrigation potential developed so far is very limited. The district has subtropical climates. It is hot during summer and cold in winter. It receives rains 760mm to 967mm during the year.Since the agriculture which depends on rains water gets drought in alternate year.
Geographical Location & Area:
Geographically, the district is marked by low hills in the situated in the south-west, gradually merging into undulating central part. Northern portion, adjoining Kutch district, which is arid, barren and saline. Chotila is one of the land marks in Saurashtra peninsula. The district is bound as under:
ON NORTH – By Ran of Kutch and Patan district
ON SOUTH – By Parts of the districts of Ahmedabad and Bhavnagar
ON WEST – By Rajkot district
ON EAST – By Ahmedabad district
The district is spread roughly between 22.00 and 23.o5 North latitudes and 69.45 and 72.15 East longitude. The district consists of 10 blocks with 654 villages.
Administrative Set Up:
The district is divided into 10 Taluks viz. Wadhawan, Lakhatar, Chotila, Chuda, Sayala, Muli, Limbdi, Dasada, Patdi, Dhrangadhra, Thangadh. The headquarter of the district is Surendranagar .
Climate and Rainfall:
The normal climate of the district is temperate with moderate proportion of heat and cold. There are three main seasons. Wadhwan, Muli, Chotila,Thangadh & Sayla Talukas fall in Agro Climatic Zone-7, Dhrangadhra and Dasada Talukas fall in Agro Climatic Zone-8 and the Bhal and coastal areas fall under Agro climatic Zone-6, it is characterized as semiarid climate. The whole district was drought prone area. The annual rainfall of the district is 676 mm. Moreover, the rainfall is irregular and hence district frequently faces scarcity. The general climate of the district is extreme.
Soils & Rivers:
The soil is shallow, medium, black in Wadhwan, Muli, Chotila and Sayla talukas, Sandy, and alluvial in Halvad, Dhrangadhra, Dasada talukas in the north, bordering the little Ran of Kutch and medium black, poorly drained and saline in Lakhtar, Chuda and Limbdi talukas. The major rivers are Limbdi and Wadhwan Bhogavo flowing eastward to join Sabarmati and discharging water into the Gulf of Cambay and Nal Sarovar. Other minor rivers are Falku, Chandrabhaga, Ughai, Sukh, Bhadar, Vansar, Bramni and Rupen.